Naturopathic doctors (NDs) have an excellent safety record in California and throughout the US and Canada. There have been no cases of patient harm caused by a naturopathic doctor in California since licenses were issued in 2005. The National Practitioner Databank, a statistical database maintained by the US Department of Health and Human Services, has no records of malpractice claims against NDs in the US. According to the Databank, there were 15,441 malpractice payments made in California from 2005-201 5, amounting to more than $2.9 billion. None of those malpractice payments were attributed to naturopathic doctors. A 2017 nationwide search by Verdictsearch also found no records of malpractice suits against NDs.